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Here is some information on The Crown Jewels.

Tower of London - Many of these irreplaceable and historic pieces, collected over the centuries, were Saxon or Medieval and included Alfred the Great's State Crown and the eleventh century crown of Queen Edith, wife of Edward the Confessor. There is no certain depiction of the most precious item of the collection, the Crown of St.Edward the Confessor, ( re-named King Alfred's crown after the Reformation). We know the appearance of the State Crown of Henry VII, which shared their fate, as it is depicted in some of the portraits Charles I, by Daniel Mytens and Van Dyck. There were also various sceptres, swords, coronets, rings and an Anglo-Saxon comb, Some of the pieces were probably reclaimed burial regalia, including those stripped from the rich shrine of Edward the Confessor in Westminster Abbey by Henry VIII. Various medieval garments used in past coronation ceremonies were also sold off at the time, an irreparable loss.

Be dazzled by the 23,578 gems that make up the Crown Jewels, including the glistening Imperial State Crown, which alone has 2,868 diamonds, 273 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds and 5 rubies. This astonishing collection of priceless Coronation Regalia has been an unmissable highlight of any visit since the 17th century, with only one attempt to steal them . . Stop, thief! The Crown Jewels were nearly stolen in 1671. The dashing and impudent Irishman Colonel Blood almost carried out a successful raid on the Jewel House. Having knocked the Jewel House keeper on the head with a mallet, he squashed the arches of Charles II's state crown so as to hide it under his cloak. He was only discovered at the last moment

The Crown Jewels of England contain a fabulous collection of precious jewels set in the regalia used by the Royal family. England is the only European monarchy which still uses its regalia for the coronation ceremony when crowning a new Sovereign. The Crown jewels of England contain two of the most famous diamonds in the World - the Cullinan Diamond, also called the Great Star of Africa and the Kohinoor Diamond. The Crown Jewels of England contain magnificent regal emblems including coronets, crowns, sceptres and orbs. The King's Crown alone contains 2818 diamonds, 297 pearls, and many other jewels and weighs over thirty-nine ounces. Ancient objects are also included in the Crown Jewels collection such as gold plate, insignia and swords. The English Crown Jewels

The English Crown Jewels contain some of the most fabulous gems in the world. These magnificent regal emblems chiefly date from the Restoration when many of the ancient crown jewels which were destroyed during the Commonwealth were replaced. The collection includes some of the following jewels: ? The King's Crown was constructed in 1838. The principal jewels being taken from older crowns and the royal collection including the large ruby given to the Black Prince in Spain in 1367. Henry V wore it in his helmet at Agincourt. Undoubtedly the most glittering attraction in the Tower of London is the Jewel House, containing the Crown Jewels. These consist of the regalia worn by the monarch at coronations, as well as works of magnificent church plate and items of tableware. All are open to public view, except when individual pieces are in use.

The first royal jewellery collection was that amassed by Edward the Confessor in the 11th century, and which was entrusted to Westminster Abbey for safekeeping. In 1303, a theft at the Abbey led to the collection being transferred to the Tower of London, where it remained until the overthrow of the monarchy and the execution of Charles I in 1649.

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